Northwestern Massachusetts, bordered by Vernon, Vermont, and Hinsdale and Winchester, New Hampshire, on the north; Warwick on the east; Erving on the south; and Gill, Bernardston on the west; the Connecticut River divides the Town. Northfield is 12 miles northeast of Greenfield, 46 miles north of Springfield, 94 miles northwest of Boston, and 183 miles from New York City.
Total Area: 35.37 sq. miles
Land Area: 34.42 sq. miles
Density: 82 per sq. mile
Climate: Normal temperature in January.....18.8°F, Normal temperature in July...69.3°F, Normal annual precipitation.......43.1"